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Anfac

Las Ventas De Coches Crecen Un 12% En Septiembre Pero No Ahuyentan El Pesimismo Del Sector De La Automoción

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El pesimismo se ha adueñado de los fabricantes y vendedores de coches. Pese a que las matriculaciones crecieron en septiembre, por segundo mes consecutivo, a un ritmo del 12,7%, el sector da por perdido el año. Las ventas acumulan una caída del 7,4% en el tercer trimestre y las últimas previsiones que hicieron tanto Anfac (800.000), representante de las marcas, como Faconauto (840.000), que aglutina a los concesionarios, parecen inalcanzables. En lo que va de año se han vendido un total de 600.281 turismos.

Si continúan así las cosas, 2022 será el tercer ejercicio en cuatro años (además de 2019 y 2020) que cierre en negativo. El impacto sigue estando ahora en los problemas de suministros de piezas que sufren la mayoría de fábricas mundiales y que han sumido en expedientes de regulación temporal de empleo (ERTE) a las plantas españolas durante más de un año. Los fabricantes llevan meses siendo incapaces de asumir la demanda. Ahora, sin embargo, la situación se agrava porque los potenciales compradores han echado el freno de mano ante la incertidumbre del futuro económico por la guerra de Ucrania, la espiral inflacionista y la subida de tipos de interés, que han dado una dentellada a su capacidad adquisitiva.

“Nos preocupa, además de la falta general de confianza del comprador, que el alza de los tipos de interés se puede convertir en otro factor extra que desmovilice ventas”, advierte Faconauto sobre los riesgos de los últimos tres meses del año. Desde Anfac se asegura que todavía existe demanda, pero que el mercado en los próximos meses va a continuar lastrado por los nuevos factores macroeconómicos. Los vendedores y talleres agrupados en Ganvam dan por hecho que 2022, tal como sucedió los dos años anteriores, acabará como si se hubiera trabajado un trimestre menos a causa de la caída de ventas. En 2019, antes de la pandemia, se vendieron 1,25 millones de turismos y todoterrenos.

Los datos del último mes fueron positivos en todos los canales: particulares (subió un 6%), empresas (un 19%) y alquiladoras, que tratan de recomponer sus flotas y han aumentado las compras un 17,8%. En el caso de las rent a car, el resultado de los nueve primeros meses del año fueron negativos, ya que cerraron con una caída del 42%.

Los coches de gasolina son los que más se han vendido en los tres primeros trimestres, copando el 43% del mercado. Por detrás están los vehículos alternativos (que incluyen eléctricos puros, híbridos enchufables y no enchufables y de gas), con una cuota del 39,7% y, muy descabalgados, los diésel, con un 17,5%.

El mercado va también al albur de los fabricantes, que en los dos últimos años han centrado sus políticas en vehículos de mayor precio para optimizar los beneficios de la carestía de microchips y sacar más rentabilidad. Las gamas medias, de deportivos y premium son los que más están creciendo en ventas. El modelo más vendido de setiembre es el Hyundai Tucson (una de las marcas que mejor han orillado la crisis de los semiconductores), seguido por el Renault Arkana y el Kia Sportage (otra marca menos impactada por la crisis de suministros). Tres marcas asiáticas (Kia, Toyota y Hyundai) son las que más vehículos matricularon el pasado mes.

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ElPais

Nicaragua’s Daniel Ortega Escalates Diplomatic Crisis With US And Europe

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Nicaraguan President Daniel Ortega.
Nicaraguan President Daniel Ortega.JAIRO CAJINA (AFP)

Nicaraguan President Daniel Ortega has decided to break ties with the Netherlands in what is the latest diplomatic feud to be sparked by the former guerilla. The Nicaraguan Foreign Ministry said in a statement on Friday that it had severed all diplomatic ties with the European country because it “offended and keeps offending Nicaraguan families.”

The decision to break ties was made after the Dutch ambassador for Central America, Christine Pirenne, informed the Nicaraguan government that the Netherlands would not be funding a $21.5 million hospital promised long ago. The news outraged Ortega, who accused the ambassador of treating Nicaragua as if it were “a Dutch colony.”

“Those who come to disrespect our people, our homeland, they should not appear again in Nicaragua. And we do not want relations with that interventionist government,” he said during his speech on Friday, which marked the 43rd anniversary of the founding of Nicaragua’s repressive National Police. “We [the Sandinista government] continue to open hospitals, even when we are met with human misery. The human misery of a European country, the Netherlands!” he added.

Diplomatic sources told EL PAÍS that the Netherlands had suspended the hospital project due to the “mishandling of funds, lack of transparency, and the serious human rights situation in Nicaragua.”

“The Netherlands regrets the disproportionate decision by Nicaragua to break off diplomatic relations. We take a firm stand on the worsening democratic structures and human rights violations in Nicaragua,” Dutch Foreign Minister Wopke Hoekstra said via Twitter on Saturday. “Other countries have also noticed difficulties in maintaining an open dialogue with Nicaragua. We will discuss our next steps with the EU.”

The clash with the Netherlands followed a week of heightened tensions with the European Union and the United States.

On Friday, Nicaragua’s Vice President Rosario Murillo, the wife of Ortega, also announced that the Central American country would not accept the new US-appointed ambassador Hugo Rodriguez as its representative in Managua. Ortega initially signed off on the appointment, but withdrew his support in July after Rodriguez told the US Senate Foreign Relations Committee that he would continue to advocate for an end of human rights violations in Nicaragua.

“The United States has spoken out against these abuses, and, if confirmed [as ambassador], I will continue to do so, not because we have any intention to determine Nicaragua’s internal affairs, but because it is our commitment under the Inter-American Charter, which both the United States and Nicaragua signed in 2001,” Rodriguez told the committee.

Despite Nicaragua’s objections, the Joe Biden administration appointed Rodriguez as ambassador on Thursday. Ortega railed against the decision during his speech to police forces. “The candidate for ambassador to Nicaragua appeared before the Senate, and what did he do? He insulted and disrespected us,” he said on Friday. “So we immediately said ‘get out, get out and stay out, and he can continue yelling whatever he likes out there, but here in our country, our flag is respected.’”

On Thursday, in another speech, Ortega attacked the Vatican, Chilean President Gabriel Boric and Brian Nichols, White House Assistant Secretary of State for Western Hemisphere Affairs, who he described as a “poor Black man” with a “bulldog face.” Boric and other Latin American leaders, who have called for the release of political prisoners, were branded as “lapdogs” of the United States and the European Union.

And on Wednesday, Nicaragua declared the European Union ambassador, Bettina Muscheidt, “persona non grata” and gave her three days to leave the country. The decision was made after the EU delegation demanded freedom for Nicaragua’s political prisoners at the United Nations General Assembly last week.

“The EU profoundly regrets and rejects this unjustified and unilateral decision,” the European External Action Service (EEAS) said in a statement released on Sunday, a day after Muscheidt left Nicaragua. “The EU also profoundly regrets the disproportional and unjustified unilateral decision taken on Friday by the Nicaraguan government to cut diplomatic ties with the kingdom of the Netherlands and expresses its unwavering support to the Dutch government,” it added, warning that it would respond in a “firm and proportional manner.”

In recent months, Nicaragua has also rejected all proposals for dialogue, including those put forward by Pope Francis, Colombian President Gustavo Petro and the US government.

“Ortega’s strategy is to escalate the crisis to a point where only the use of force will solve it, but he knows very well that the use of force is not an option the international community is going to consider,” Eliseo Núñez, a former opposition deputy in Nicaragua, told EL PAÍS. “Everyone believed that they could push Ortega to the brink of the abyss, but he has taken the international community to that brink and is forcing it to choose between two options: a global economic blockade, which would collapse Nicaragua, or to sit back and wait to see what happens.”

Some analysts believe that Washington is seeking to exhaust all diplomatic routes with Nicaragua via Ambassador Rodriguez in order to justify future action against the country, such as expelling it from the DR-CAFTA free trade agreement.

“Ortega has been using vulgar, racist and blasphemous rhetoric,” Arturo McFields, Nicaragua’s former ambassador to the Organization of American States (OAS), told EL PAÍS. “It is a narrative that is aligned with Russia’s foreign policy. Right now, Russia is facing NATO, the United States and the European Union. Ortega is sticking in a parasitic to the foreign policy of Moscow and China.”

McFields recalled that Nicaragua was one of the seven countries that did not want the president of Ukraine, Volodymyr Zelenskiy, to appear remotely at the United Nations General Assembly. “I believe that in the next few days, Ortega is going to break diplomatic relations with other countries in the European Union,” said McFields.

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